It should not be confused to the psychoanalysis with its external attributes, widely spread by the cinema and Literature: divn, the quiet analyst, the long duration of the treatment. But the psychoanalysis can do without divn as of silence as much, and its duration is only necessarily long in some cases, especially in those people who aspire to being psychoanalysts. Also other treatments exist that the analysts call of fast therapeutic effects, psychoanalysis applied or focused, brief psychoanalysis, brief psycotherapy of psychoanalytic direction, according to the diverse schools and currents. Then, what is what differentiates to the psychoanalysis of the remaining psycotherapies: 1 the psychoanalysis, from its foundation by Freud, tries to sweep with the rigid borders between health and disease. For him nobody is absolutely healthy nor totally ill, than some consequences follow: to to get to be psychoanalyst it is necessary to previously practice the psychoanalysis in condition of analizante (that is to say: patient), exigency that does not exist in no other therapeutic alternative.
b the relation does not settle down between a healthy therapist and a patient patient, but between two human subjects, one of which del is had in possession of a knowledge that can benefit the other. c the method is same for the healthy patient and the patient and, therefore, for any pathology. d This method is based on two basic rules: – The patient commits itself to say everything what she crosses to him the mind – the analyst to kindly listen to saying of the patient, including narrations of dreams and apparently absurd occurrences, and giving back its words to him under a new light. Simultaneously, he guarantees that the analytical experience has sense, by his own experience and the one of his other patients. 2 Desembaracmonos of the average man, who does not exist.