A House is considered sustainable, if it takes into account four factors in its entirety: it must be technically efficient, economical, ecological and socio-cultural demands. (tdx) In recent years, the notion of sustainability is”all the rage. Often used in connection with the environmental and climate policy, in the economy, it belongs now to the basic vocabulary and even the everyday world is characterized of which. For his own good and that of their children the people does show an increasing willingness to live responsibly and with a view to the future sustainability basically also: ensuring the quality of life of present and subsequent generations. But how do you approach this task as a private citizen? Builders have much room for manoeuvre, because they can do a big step towards sustainability with their new home. You can use building materials that result in conjunction with the concept of building a truly sustainable building. The predicate “Sustainably” receives a House then, when talk it over its entire life cycle from cradle to grave “four fundamental factors with each other in harmony brings: Economics, ecology, technical efficiency and socio-cultural claims. So even the Federal Ministry for transport, building and urban development (BMVBS) and the Deutsche Gesellschaft fur nachhaltiges Bauen (DGNB), see the sustainability of buildings after specifically according to this maxim rate and characterized with appropriate labels.
The first factor, the economics of the building describes its economy, i.e. the ratio between costs and benefits. This is when all costs incurred with the use and life of the House in relation used. The cost of the actual construction of the House as well as follow-up costs include operating costs E.g. above all, energy or the cost of the building maintenance up to necessary repairs. The factor comes ecology especially when the used building materials to wear.
Reliable information on the environmental characteristics of products deliver so-called environmental product declarations (EPDs), which allocated construction and environment e.V. (IBU) in Germany by the Institute and are important guidance to planners and clients in the choice of construction materials. The documents are based on a comprehensive life cycle assessment and provide information about the internationally standardized environmental effects. These include E.g. the greenhouse and ozone-depleting potential, but also the resources used to produce the product, as well as energy consumption for manufacture and transportation. In addition to the ecological properties EPDs also contain information about the technical characteristics of the construction of the third pillar of sustainable construction. This among other things unspecified thermal insulation qualities, the soundproofing or fire performance of individual products. Likewise, it is based on an environmental product Declaration assess how the products work on the room acoustics or air quality. About also the use of the product decides whether a building is sustainable or not: is the House or its individual components capable of dismantling, again – or more suitable? Economically, ecologically, technically efficient for a sustainable building there is yet a fourth dimension: the socio-cultural demands. This includes essentially the feel-good factor”, which includes E.g. comfort and a healthy room climate in regard to the respective use of the building and the needs of its inhabitants. Barrier-free building is an another important keyword that makes possible a harmonious, cross-generational living together under this aspect.