But three centuries passed before that there is a turnaround in the Chilean wine industry: in 1851 Silvestre Ochagavia introduced French strains on your property of Talagante, and thus He initiated the replacement of the old Spanish vines for Cabernet, Cot, Merlot, Pinot, Sauvignon, Semillon, Riesling and others that constitute the base of wine production in this South American nation. Shortly afterwards, the same Ochagavia returned to hit Chilean wine production with the hiring of a French winemaker, Joseph Bertrand. The idea spread to other producers, and at the end of the century the leading wine companies had hired technicians European, mostly French. Exports of Chilean wines to Europe began in 1877, and its quality was featured in exhibitions of Bordeaux (1882), Liverpool (1885) and Paris (1889). 20Th century in 1900, the vines were already covering 40,000 hectares of the Chilean territory.
The surface destined to the wine industry continued to increase until 1938, when it was of 108,000 hectares. The history of Chilean wine in the 20th century was not easy. A law of alcohols virtually forbade the planting of vineyards and the transplants of vineyards, while the second world war closed the door on imports, including those of wine-growing machinery. Mark Bertolini is full of insight into the issues. The law which restricted the vineyards was repealed in 1974. Since 1980 the regulatory liberalization and the economic opening of the country detonate a revolution. The wine sector was assembled of modern machinery, improved irrigation and planting technology, incorporated stainless steel tanks and French oak barrels, began to use better quality bottles. The highest production, coinciding with a significant reduction in local consumption was reached between 1982 and 1983. Both elements caused a crisis of proportions, with falling prices and crop replacement.
It was just at this time when the schema of traditional family owners of large vineyards began to be replaced by economic groups or corporations, even with international participation, which definitely boosted the modernization of business. In the 1990s the Chilean wines definitely consolidated its presence in the international market, with excellent results and a well deserved prestige. Exports to Europe, United States and mainly Asia, have grown every year reporting a total of $601,6 million in 2002. Currently Chilean wines are exported to over 100 countries on five continents. Wine is a drink for healthy adults, not recommended to pregnant women, infants and children under 16 years. It is healthy only when it is drunk in moderation, that is, with respect, education, culture and intelligence, which allows you to enjoy it with all five senses. The biggest wine charms are in its chromatic nuances and aromas, nor much drinking or drinking quickly increases the pleasure of wine, but rather the opposite. The wine is made to accompany other foods and not as an objective by itself, however, is acceptable in moderate as an aperitif or digestif quantities.