The works are performed in a single ensemble with design of the house, that is attic room properly equipped and confines. Finishing materials are commonly used are the same as for the equipment and ground floors. Another thing – to construct and equip with modern attic at the ready, operated by the house. Except planning and there is a number of design challenges, including the stairs to the attic unit, strengthening the floor and ensure reliable insulation of walls and sloping roofs. Strengthening of the roof rafters and ceiling solved with the help of triangular trusses, made of wood.
They are easily mounted on the roof of the individual elements. Elements of the farm are interconnected by means of punched metal plates nailed to the tree on both sides. Experience shows that such a design and reliable, and durable. It is convenient and economically advantageous for complex roofs, where the load-bearing structures are composed of several elements. The easiest way to handle the walls – this covering space between the rafters paneling, wall panels, sheets of drywall or plywood. And the rafters themselves cover a dark paint or pinoteksom. Paul made a wooden attic: boards nailed directly to the beams, on top of sound and heat insulating material.
To loft could be used in cold weather, the space between the rafters is filled with effective insulation – plate of mineral wool, polyurethane foam, foam, etc. Then the covering of boards or chipboard made over the insulation, forming smooth walls. Then, the surface is treated shpatlyuetsya and wallpaper or colored latex or oil paint. An important element of illumination lighting is modern attic window, which is placed in a vertical front wall, or cut through the roof. Skylights in roof let more light than vertical walls, so these windows are especially attractive in regions where natural daylight is short. In the case where it is necessary to reduce the illumination provided appropriate sun protection – thick curtains or blinds. Lighting will be quite sufficient if the window size is 10% of floor area. Moreover, it is proved that 'gazing' into the sky box gives 40% more light than a dormer of the same size. You can set the window far enough – at 80-90 cm and have a good review, but the ideal is its location at a distance of 185-205 cm from the floor to the handle for opening. Creating a full heating an apartment in the attic associated with heating device, which has its own characteristics and complexity. If the home is conducted electricity and heating, plumbing facilities, then they will have no problems in the attic: bring them to the top floors – a trick. Heating completely divorced from all floors and the attic and will shape a sexual tie. But when the benefits of civilization are absent, the problem is solved individually. It can be fireplaces, small ovens, gas convectors. Their power is selected on the basis floor space, the level of heat protection and possible heat loss.